UNU ICTP PFF  United Nations University/International Centre for Theoretical Physics Plasma Fusion Facility & other Small Devices


A Simple Facility for the teaching of plasma dynamics and plasma nuclear fusion

S Lee et al  American Journal of Physics, January 1988 Vol 56 pp62-68


Twelve Years of UNU/ICTP PFF- A Review

Ed by S Lee, S P Moo, C S Wong, A C Chew   ICTP Preprint IC/98/231


Technology of a Small Plasma Focus incorporating some experiences with the UNU/ICTP PFF

S Lee   ICTP H4-SMR-393/62 (1989)


Bench –marking the 3 kJ Plasma Focus

S Lee, Chinese Physics Letters. (1993) 10: (Supplement-Invited Review Paper) 33-41


Optimizing UNU/ICTP PFF Plasma Focus for Neon Soft X-ray Operation

S H Saw, P C K Lee, R S Rawat and S Lee   IEEE Trans Plasma Sci, VOL. 37, NO. 7, 1276-1382 July 2009


Numerical experiments on plasma focus neutron yield versus pressure compared with laboratory  experiments

S Lee, S H Saw, L Soto, S V Springham and S P Moo         Plasma Phys. Control. Fusion 51 (2009) 075006 (11pp)        http://www.iop.org/EJ/abstract/0741-3335/51/7/075006/     doi: 10.1088/0741-3335/51/7/075006 


Numerical Experiments on Soft X-Ray Emission Optimization of Nitrogen Plasma in 3 kJ Plasma Focus SY-1 Using Modified Lee Model

M. Akel, Sh. Al- Hawat and S Lee       J Fusion Energy (2009) DOI 10.1007/s10894-009-9203-4  Online First May 19 2009



Pinch Current and Soft x-ray yield limitation  by numerical experiments on Nitrogen Plasma Focus

M Akel, S Hawat and S Lee   J Fusion Energ DOI 10.1007/s10894-009-923-6 First online 21 August 2009      J Fusion Energy (2010) 29: page 94


Numerical Experiments on Oxygen Soft X-Ray Emissions from Low Energy Plasma Focus Using Lee Model

M. Akel, Sh. Al-Hawat,  S. H. Saw and S. Lee    J Fusion Energ (2010) 29:223–231        Published online: 22 November 2009


The effect of anode shape on neon soft x-ray emissions and current sheath configuration in plasma focus device

M A Mohammadi, S Sobhanian, C S Wong, S Lee, P Lee and R S Rawat   J. Phys. D: Appl. Phys. 42 (2009) 045203 (10pp)


Backward high energy ion beams from plasma focus

M. V. Roshan, P. Lee, S. Lee, A. Talebitaher, R. S. Rawat, and S. V. Springham        Phys of Plasmas, 074506 2009


Effect of cathode structure on neutron yield performance of a miniature plasma focus device

Rishi Verma, R.S. Rawat, P. Lee, S. Lee, S.V. Springham, T.L. Tan, M. Krishnan        Phys Letts A 373 (2009) 25682571


Radiation Emission Correlated with the Evolution of Current Sheath from a Deuterium Plasma Focus

 M. Shahid Rafique,  P. Lee,  A. Patran, R. S. Rawat and S. Lee  J Fusion Energy, published online: 23 January 2010


In-situ determination of the static inductance and resistance of a plasma focus capacitor bank

S H Saw, S Lee, F Roy, PL Chong, V Vengadeswaran, ASM Sidik, YW Leong & A Singh   Rev Sci Instruments 81, 053505 (2010) published online 21 May 2010


Characterizing plasma focus devices- role of the static inductance- instability phase fitted by anomalous resistances

S Lee, S H Saw, A E Abdou and H Torreblanca       Submitted to Plasma Phys & Controlled Fusion


Neon Soft X-Ray Yield Optimization from PF-SY1 Plasma Focus Device.
M. Akel , Sh. Al-Hawat and S. Lee, accepted for publication in Journal of Fusion Energy.