Plasma Focus Scaling Properties and Scaling Laws


Dimensions and Lifetime of the Plasma Focus Pinch

Sing Lee and Adrian Serban- IEEE Trans Plasma Sci. 24 no 3 1996 1101-1105


Scaling of the Plasma Focus . Viewpoint from Dynamics

S.Lee- Invited Paper. International Workshop on Plasma Focus Research (PF’98), Kudowa, Poland, July 1998. (Procs)



S.Lee- Invited Paper- international Meeting on Frontiers of physics, Satellite Meeting: 12 Years of UNU/ICTP PFF- A Review, 30 Oct 1998, Kuala Lumpur. ICTP (Italy) Pre-print 33-46.


Characterising the Plasma Focus Pinch and Speed Enhancing the Neutron Yield

S Lee- Invited Paper- First Cairo Conference on Plasma Physics & Applications- Cairo, Egypt, October 2003- Proceedings Ed H J Kunze, T El-Khalafawy, H Hegazy; published as international Cooperation Bilateral Seminars Vo. 34 pg 27-33  by Forschungszentrum Juelich


Pinch current limitation effect in plasma focus (This version includes an Erratum)

S. Lee and S. H. Saw, Appl. Phys. Lett. 92, 021503 (2008), DOI:10.1063/1.2827579

Copyright (2008) American Institute of Physics. This article may be downloaded for personal use only. Any other use requires prior permission of the author and the American Institute of Physics. This article appeared in (citation above) and may be found at


Neutron Scaling Laws from Numerical Experiments (This version includes an Erratum)

S Lee and S H Saw, J of Fusion Energy, 27 292-295 (2008) DOI: 10.1007/s10894-008-9132-7

published first online 20 February 2008 at  


Current and Neutron Scaling for Megajoule Plasma Focus Machines

S Lee, Plasma Phys. Control. Fusion, 50 (2008) 105005   available at


Numerical experiments on plasma focus neon soft x-ray scaling

S Lee, S H Saw, P Lee and R S Rawat 

Plasma Phys. Control. Fusion 51 (2009) 105013 (8pp) doi:10.1088/0741-335/51/10/105013  Online at


Neutron Yield Saturation in Plasma Focus-A fundamental cause

S. Lee   App Phys Lett  95, 151503 (2009) published online 15 October 2009    URL:


Scaling laws for plasma focus machines from numerical experiments

S H Saw and S Lee   

Energy and Power Engineering, 2010, 65-72 doi:10.4236/epe.2010.21010 Published Online February 2010 (


Scaling the Plasma Focus for Fusion Energy Considerations

 S H Saw and S Lee    Int. J. Energy Res. (2010)   View this article online at DOI: 10.1002/er.1758


Numerical Experiments Providing New Insights into Plasma Focus Fusion Devices

Sing Lee and Sor Heoh Saw –Invited Review Paper  Energies 2010, 3, 711-737; doi:10.3390/en3040711 (published online 12 April 2010)


Characterizing plasma focus devices- role of the static inductance- instability phase fitted by anomalous resistances

S Lee, S H Saw, A E Abdou and H Torreblanca  Submitted to Plasma Phys & Controlled Fusion